Configuring Apache Server and Performing Best Practices in Ubuntu and CentOS


Apache HTTP Server, commonly known as Apache, is a widely-used open-source web server software. It is known for its reliability, flexibility, and scalability, making it the most popular choice for hosting websites. In this article, we will discuss the process of configuring Apache server and implementing best practices in both Ubuntu and CentOS operating systems.

Installing Apache

Before we dive into the configuration process, we need to ensure that Apache is installed on our system. Here are the commands to install Apache on Ubuntu and CentOS:



Configuring Apache

Once Apache is installed, we can proceed with the configuration process. The main configuration file for Apache is located at “/etc/apache2/apache2.conf” in Ubuntu and “/etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf” in CentOS. Here are some important configurations and best practices to consider:

1. ServerName:

Specify the domain name or IP address of your server as the ServerName. This helps Apache identify itself correctly.

2. DocumentRoot:

Set the DocumentRoot to the directory where your website files are stored. By default, it is set to “/var/www/html”.

3. Directory Index:

Specify the default file that Apache should look for when a directory is requested. Common options include “index.html”, “index.php”, or “default.html”.

4. AllowOverride:

Enable the use of .htaccess files for per-directory configuration. This allows you to override certain settings for specific directories.

5. Disable Directory Browsing:

Disable directory browsing to prevent users from accessing the contents of directories without an index file.

6. Enable Compression:

Enable compression to reduce the size of files sent from your server to the client’s browser. This can significantly improve website performance.

7. Secure Server:

Implement SSL/TLS certificates to secure your server and enable HTTPS. This ensures that data transmitted between the server and the client is encrypted.

Restarting Apache

After making any changes to the Apache configuration, it is important to restart the Apache service for the changes to take effect. Here are the commands to restart Apache in Ubuntu and CentOS:



Additional Best Practices

In addition to the configuration steps mentioned above, here are some additional best practices to optimize your Apache server:

1. Enable Caching:

Implement caching mechanisms such as mod_cache to store frequently accessed files in memory, reducing server load and improving response time.

2. Limit Request Size:

Set limits on the maximum request size to prevent denial of service attacks and ensure efficient resource utilization.

3. Regularly Update Apache:

Keep your Apache server up to date with the latest security patches and bug fixes to ensure a secure and stable environment.

4. Monitor Server Performance:

Regularly monitor server performance using tools like Apache’s built-in mod_status or external monitoring tools. This helps identify and resolve any performance bottlenecks.

5. Implement Access Control:

Use Apache’s access control features to restrict access to certain directories or files, enhancing the security of your server.


Configuring Apache server and implementing best practices are essential for optimal performance, security, and reliability. By following the steps outlined in this article, you can ensure that your Apache server is properly configured and adheres to industry standards. Regular maintenance and monitoring will help keep your server running smoothly and efficiently.

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